Legal Framework

A federal organization in coordination with local level

The nuclear emergency response organization is governed by the «Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Plan for the Belgian Territory», established by the Royal Decree of 17 October 2003.

This plan aims at ensuring the coordination of the protective measures for the population and the environment in case of a nuclear accident or for any other radiological emergency situation which could lead to an overexposure of the population or to a significant contamination of the environment.

   

The Nuclear and Radiological Emergency Plan for the Belgian Territory is mainly designed for emergency situations in the major Belgian nuclear installations : the nuclear power plants of Tihange and Doel, the Nuclear Research Centre in Mol, the Institute for Radioelements in Fleurus, the fuel fabrication factory (Belgonucléaire) and the waste treatment site (Belgoprocess) in Dessel. This plan is also activated for other emergency situations, which can occur either on the Belgian territory (accident during the transport of radioactive materials or radiological emergency resulting from a terrorist attack for instance) or nearby (EdF nuclear power plant of Chooz for instance).

In case of an emergency, the off-site operations are directed by the "Governmental Crisis and Coordination Centre" (CGCCR), under the authority of the Minister of Internal Affairs. The implementation of the actions decided at the federal level and the management of the intervention teams are under the leadership of the Governor of the Province concerned

   

COFECO defines the general emergency strategy and takes the fundamental decisions (necessity and extent of the urgent measures to be taken to protect the population and/or the food chain or the drinking water supply) and assumes the political responsibility. COFECO follows the advices of the evaluation- and the socio-economic cells ;

CELEVAL evaluates the situation from the radiological and technical point of view, based on the information coming from the affected site, from the field measurement cell and from organizations represented within the cell, and advises COFECO on the protective measures for the population and the environment. CELEVAL is also in charge for defining the environmental radioactivity measurement strategy;

CELMES co-ordinates all the activities related to the collection and validation of radiological information transmitted either by the field measurement teams or by the monitoring network, called TELERAD, and implements the measurement strategy defined by CELEVAL ;

ECOSOC advises COFECO on the socio-economic consequences of the decisions taken or to be taken, is in charge of the management of these consequences, informs COFECO on the follow-up of the decisions in the sectors concerned and ensures the return to a normal socio-economic situation after the accident ;

CELINFO is in charge of communication with the population, the media, the neighbouring countries and the specific target groups.