NO .. even if the "zero risk" does not exist!
During the Tchernobyl accident, a power excursion occurred followed by a huge fire causing important radioactive release.
The fact is, there are important design differences between the Tchernobyl nuclear power plant and the Belgian plants, as a result of which a similar accident could not happen in Belgium.
As to the major differences, we can mention the following ones:
• the Belgian reactors are stable: in case of deviation from the normal conditions (temperature, pressure, flow,...) the reactor automatically responds (physical phenomenon) by lowering its power or even by coming to a complete stop;
• In Belgium, the design of the system for reactor scram allows to stop the chain reaction in less than two seconds. In Tchernobyl this took a considerably longer time (10 to 20 seconds). The system for automatic stop of the reactor caused a power excursion given the particular conditions of the installation at that moment. This has contributed to the loss of control of the reactor.
• in addition, there was a large volume of graphite in Tchernobyl ; graphite is an inflammable material (used as "moderator"*). In the Belgian plants water is used as a moderator (and not graphite).
(*) essential for maintaining the nuclear chain reaction